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谈少年儿童如何学好书法

出处:青少年书法报​   发布时间:2015-02-12 15:16:10  

    shufashiwoguoteyoudeyimenyishu,qibodajingshen,shizhonghuaminzuchuantongyishudeguibao。youyushufayoutayishudexinshangjiazhi,youyouqiguangfandeshiyongxing,guzigudaojinyizhishenshourenmendexiai。shufa,bulunshilaoren、qingnian、haishishaonianertongdoushikexuede。raner,xuexishufayicongxiaolianxigengjia。xueshuyaoxunxujianjin,qiebukeyicuerjiu。neime,shaonianertongyouyinggairuhexuehaoshufani?bizherenweikeyicongyixiajigefangmianzheshou:

 

浙江体彩    shouxian,yaopeiyangshaonianertongduishufadexingqu。yibanlaishuo,ertongduishufadexingqushishoulaoshihejiazhangdejifaheyindaoyijizhouweihuanjingdeyingxiangxiaerchanshengde。piruranghaizizhidao:xueshufanengbazixiededuanzheng、meiguan,youliyuxuexi,lianshufayouzhuyushaonianertongguanchalihezhuyilidepeiyanghetigao,haikeyitaoyexingqingdengdeng。ciwai,haiketongguocanjiashaoershufabisaiheguanmoshufazhanlanlaitigaotamendexuexixingqu,peiyangshaoerdemeigan,zheishiertongxueshufaqianqidezhongyaoyihuan。jingyangaosu

women:“xingqushizuihaodelaoshi”,ertongyoulexingqu,lianxiqilaijiunengjijizhudongle。

 

    qici,shirumenjieduandejibengonglianxi。dangertongduishufachanshenglexingqu,zheishizuoweilaoshihejiazhangyingshanyujishibuzhuohaozheiyishiji,jijigulitamenxuexishufa。ertongzaichuxuejieduan,bixuxianzhangwohaozhengquedezhibiheshuxiezishi(shiyingzheiyishijianyueliangzhou)。yinweizhangwolezhengquedezhibishixuexishufajibengongdediyibu,eryangchenglelianghaodeshuxiexiguanzeyiyuertongdeshenxinjiankang。xiemaobiziyouzuoshihelishiliangzhong。zhengquedezuoshizhibifangfayinggaishi:wugeshouzhidezhiguanjiejunxiangwaizirantuchu,mu、shi、zhongsanzhijinwobiguan,wumingzhi、xiaomuzhijintiezhongzhi,zuodaohukoukaizhang,zhangxinkongxu,wanpingfengshu。yaolingshi:zhishizhangxu,biganchuizhiyuzhimian。lishizhibifangfayuzuoshidezhibifangfayousuobutong,zhanlizhibiyixuweizhu,shouzhizheliyusanzhi;damuzhi、shizhijizhongzhi;shouwanziranqingxie(butongyuzuoshiwanyaoping),biganchuizhijike。zhibidegaodi,yizidedaxiaoerding。yibanlaishuo,xiedazizhibiyigaoxie,xiexiaozizedixie。shuxiezishi:zhengquedezuozishuxiezishiyaoqiu,zuoyaoduanzheng,yaodetingzhi,toubuqianqingjiaobudayu15-20°,qianxionglizhuoyihengquan,liangzupingfen(zuoziyixieshilimijianfangzi,chaochushilimijianfangdeziyizhanlixie)shuxiedezhizhangkesuisuoshudeweizhiershangxiazuoyouyidong,shuxiezhebuyaogaibianzuozi,yimianshenwaiyanxie。lizideyaoqiushi,shuangzuweikai,shentiziranqianqing,zuoshouziranfuzaizhuomian,youshouxuanwanshuxie。

浙江体彩zongzhi,bulunzuozihaishilizi,qizhudaosixiangshi,yibuyingxiangshentijiankangweiqianti,gujiquanmian,shizhoushenshuzhanqingsongziran。erneixiesuishounaqibi,zhanshangmo,zhankaijiuxie,buguanzishiduanbuduanzheng,toudidekanbujianliandebuliangxiguandoushiwanwanyaobudede。


    再次,如何选帖。我国历代的传统碑帖很多,在选帖上,初学者必须选择历代名帖为范本。选中一种范本后,须坚持临习一至二年,以此为追求目标;这也就是人们常说的要“取法乎上”。对一些条件及天赋较好的练习者来说,一旦学好了一种书体后,还可换帖学自己所喜欢的另一种书体。实践证明:初学者宜以唐楷或北魏、汉隶入手,其笔划清晰,结体分明,字易辩认,便于分析和摹写。参考的书家和书体有唐代的虞世南、诸遂良、欧阳询,颜真卿、柳公权,元代的赵孟頫及明代的文征明等楷书范本。尤其是欧颜柳这三大家《九成宫碑》、《颜勤礼碑》、《神策军碑》其风格迥异,欧书严谨险劲,颜体雄强茂密,柳字挺拔遒劲。北魏有《郑文功碑》、《张猛龙碑》、《张黑女碑》、《龙门四品》。汉隶有《曹全碑》、《张迁碑》《艺瑛碑》、《礼器碑》等诸碑均可凭练习者自行广泛选择。换言之,选帖的

yuanzeshiyaogenjugerenduizitiedexingquheaihaoerdingde。

 

浙江体彩    si、ruhelinxiezitie。yidanxuandingfanben,jiezhejiujinrulelianxijieduan。shaonianertongzailianxizhongyicaiyong“sanbushunxulianxifa”:1、shuanggou。liruxie“ren”zi,xianjiang“ren”zidelunkuoyongyingbigouhuachengkongxinzi,zaijiangkongxinziyibishuntianmowancheng。zheiyecheng“mo”;2、dangou。jiyongyingbian“ren”zidebihuayongdanxianduizhebihuazhongjianxiechengziti(jizhongxinxianzi),zaiyimaobishuxiezheiliyoumoyeyoulin。kechengwei“linmo”。haiyouyizhongfangfajiushiyoulaoshiweixueshengyonghongmoshuishuxiehaoyigefanzi(baokuojibendianhuahepianpangbushou),erhouzaikongtajigege,youxueshengzijijianghongzimiaohonghou,zaijiezhelinxietaersanzi,kechengwei“linmo”。3、lintie。jiushizailianxiwanqianjizhongfangfazhihoudejichushang,zaizuoduitielinxie,bingyaoqiuxueshengyaoyikouqiwancheng。“sanbushunxulianxifa”jiyoumoyouyoulin,tashilinyumoxiangjiehedeyizhonghubu。caiyongciliangquanqimeidefangfa,keshoudaoshibangongbeidexiaoguo。

 

    chucizhiwai,haiyouyizhonglianxidoufangdazideyouxiaofangfa,keyitigonglianxizhecankao。neijiushicaiyizhangxiangbaozhidaxiaozuoyoudexuanzhi,zaiqizuobianyoulaoshiyongmozhishuanggouhaofanzi(jikongxinzi)tigongjixueshengyiqingshuilianxi,shuxiewandaizhizhangliangganhouyoukejixuxunhuandelianxi。cifangfajifangbianyoushengshi,kedadaoyongmozhishuxiezhixiaoguo。chuci,zuoweishufalaoshi,yingshichangbuyanqifandiweixueshengjiangjiesuoxueshutidejibentedianhezhubitezheng(rudianhuatedian、jietitezhengdeng),zheiyangnengyouzhuyuxueshengjiakuaihetigaoqifashujineng,zhengrusuhuasuoshuode“modaobuwukanchaigong”。haiyouyizhongfangfazhidetichang,yejiushiyaoqiuxueshengliyongkongxianzhiyuyongshouzhichuzhefanbenshuxie,zheiyangyouzhuyulianxizheduifanbendeyinxiangjiashen。

 

    wu、shijianyugongju。shaonianertongzaixueshuguochengzhongmeiciyingzhangwoduozhangshijianweiyini?bizhetongguoduonianlaidejiaoxueguanchadechulejingyan,jixueshengmeicilianxiyiyigebanzhongtouneiweiyi,zheiqijianhaiyaoshaozuofangsong,xiuxiwuzhishifenzhong。pubianqingkuangxianshi,nanshengdenaixingburunvshenghao。yinci,laoshiyaoyinreneryidizhangwoxueshenglianxishijiandezhangduan,bukeyikaierlun。xueshengzaijiazixueshijianmeizhouyaofenerzhisancilaiwanchengjiatingdeshufazuoye,buyaoyizhouzuoyicixingwancheng,neizhongyipushihandefangfashibukequde。zaizhi,shuxiedegongjuheshiyongyaojiangjiu。chuxuezhekemaiputonghubi,cunkaiziyiyanghaozhongzhangfeng、dazizeyaoxuandabilaijinxinglianxi;qianwanbunengyongliezhide、bianxingdemaobilailianxi,fouzejianghuishideqifan。zhidezhuyideshi,lianxizhezaimeicixieziqianxujiangmaobiyiqingshuipaokaihoufangkeshiyong,dangyongwanhouhaiyaojishidejiangmaobiqingxiganjingguayubijiashang。gurenyun:“gongyushanqishi,bixianliqiqi”,zheiyidianhenzhongyao。zhizekeliyongjiubaozhilaijinxinglianxi,buyaoshiyongguanghuadezhi。ru:daoguangzhi、fuyinzhideng,youtiaojianzhekeyongmaobianzhihuoputongdexuanzhilaixie。zaize,fanshilianxikaishu、weibeihuolishuti,zhizhangdouyaoxiandiechengzhengfangxinglaijinxinglianxi,zheiyangcaihaoliyukongzhihaozidedaxiao。haiyouzaixiezizhuoshangzuihaoyaopuyouyikuaizhuanmendeshufazhanzi(shuhuadianyouzhuanmai),youlezheiyangdezhanzimocainengshenruzhizhong,erbuhuiliudaozhuomianshang。chucizhiwai,haiyaojiangjiushufadeyinzhangheyinnidexuanze。yinzhangheyinnishishuyushufazuopinzhuanyongdebibeipin,lianxizhexuedaoleyidingchengdu,xiehaozuopinshixuyaoyoushufayinzhanghezhuanyongyinnilaipeitao,zheixiekeqingshufalaoshilaibangzhuwuse,xueshenghejiazhangbuyaosuiyizixinggouzhiyinzhangheyinni,yimianyingxiangshufazuopindezhilianghexiaoguo。

 

浙江体彩     zuihouzhideyitideshi,shaonianertongzaixueshuguochengzhong,laoshihejiazhangduitamendouyaoyiguliweizhu,tongshihaixuyaojitamenchuangzaoshufahuodongdejihui。biru,youtiaojianzhe,kepinqingjingyanfengfudeshufalaoshijinxinggebiefudao;zaijiaqizhong,xueshengjinkenengqucanjiayixieshufahuodong(rushufapeixunban、shufachuangzuo、shufazhanlandeng)。zheiduixueshenglaishuozeshiyizhongxuexishufadeliangji。“jifengengyun,jifenshouhuo”。xuelianshufayaoyoulianghaodenaixing,xueshushiyigemanzhangerjianxindeguocheng。changyandao:“xuegui

youheng”,xueshufaxuyaoyouchizhiyihengdejingshen。xiangxinzhiyaojianchibuxiedixuehelian,jiashanglaoshizhengquedeyindao,shunianzhihou,budannengshixueshengzuodaozixingduanzheng、jiegouheli、zijiqingchu、xingliezhengqi,tongshizaishuyishangyeyidinghuiyouhendajinzhan,erqiehaiyouzhuyushaonianertongguanchalihezhuyilidepeiyang,nengshixueshengjibenbianbiechuhanzibihuadecuxi、zixingzhangduanshangdebianhuayijitigaozishendeshenmeishuizhun。

 

    shufajiaoxueguandian:

浙江体彩    xueshuyishiyaoxianyouxingqu。yibanlaishuo,ertongduishufadexingqushishoulaoshihejiazhangdejifa、yindaoyijizhouweihuanjingdeyingxiangerchanshengde。ciwai,haiketongguocanjiashaoershufabisai、zhanlanlaitigaotamendexuexixingqu。zheishiertongxuexishufaqianqidezhongyaoyihuan。ertongyoulexingqu,xuexijiunengjijizhudong。

    ershijibengonglianxi。dangertongduishufachanshenglexingqu,laoshihejiazhangyingshanyujishibuzhuozhuzheiyishiji。ertongzaichuxuejieduan,bixuxianzhangwohaozhengquedezhibiheshuxiezishi,yangchenglianghaodeshuxiexiguan,youyiyuertongdeshenxinjiankang。

    sanshixuantiehexuetie。woguolidaidechuantongbeitiehenduo,zaixuantieshang,chuxuezhebixuxuanzelidaimingtieweifanben,xuanzhongfanbenhou,jiuyiciweizhuiqiumubiao。chuxuezheyitangkaishuhuobeibei、hanlirushou,yinqibihuaqingxi,jietifenming,ziyibianren,bianyufenxihemoxie。lingwai,xuantieyinggenjugerenduizitiedexingquaihaoerding。

 

zebian:fujianshufa

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