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农村中小学书法教学探索

出处:东南网  发布时间:2015-02-12 14:54:15  


    书法教育既可以对中小学学生进行书写基本技能的培养,也可以培养审美情趣,提高书法艺术欣赏能力,是传承中华民族优秀文化,培养爱国情怀的重要途径。我常年在农村中小学进行书法教学,积累了点滴经验,愿和大家共同交流。

 

    一、密切书法学科与各学科联系,是实施书法教学的有力支撑

浙江体彩    shufaxueke,shiyimendulideyishuxueke,erbushigulidexueke,tayuxuduoxuekeyouzhemiqielianxi。zaizhongxiaoxuegekejiaoxuezhong,gekejiaoshizijuediguifanxueshengxiehaozi,shuxiemeiguanzuoye,shitigaoxueshengshuxienenglideyizhongtujing。

浙江体彩    1.xuexiaolingdaoyingzijuedizhidingqieheshijijiaoxueshijian,zuoweishufajiaoxueshijianbaozheng

浙江体彩    wocengshouchengguanliangsuoxiaoxueyaoqingkaijiangzuo,120weidetixingjiaoshimanzuo,xueshengdoudailaizhibi,xueshengxingqugao,gekejiaoshipeihehenhao。keshi,youyiduanshijianbenxianshanqumouxiaoxuedelingdaoyaowodaotamenxuexiaolianxushangyingbishufake。diyicicongsannianjidaoliunianjixueshengyou55mingcanjiatingke,diercizhilaile10ming,kehouwowenmingyuanyinshi,wu、liunianjidelaoshiburanglai,gongkejin,haishixuexikaoshigongkezhongyao。chengxianglaoshitaidumingxianbutong,nongcunxiaoxuedelaoshishanzuojueding,burangxueshengtingshufake,zheishuomingshufakebixuheqitaxuekemiqiepeihe,helifenpeishijian,cainengtigaoxuexizhiliang。

浙江体彩    xianzainongcunzhongxueweilezhuiqiushengxue,shufayebukaike;ruoganyoukaikedexuexiaoyezhishikailebufennianduan。yin、ti、meiyougudingkeshi,shufakezhihaoanpaizaikewaihuodongshijian,erqiedabufenwangwangbeichongdiao。womenweilerangxueshengduoxuedianshufa,zhihaozaikewaihuodongshijian,zengsheshufashetuanban。

浙江体彩    2.yuqitaxuekexuexifangfaxiangjiehe

    yuyuwenxuekejiehe。yuwenkeyushufayishudejiehemibukefen,hanzideshuxieguize,duiyushufaxuexirengshiyong,zhishizengjiaduncuo、tian、shizhuandengbifa,congerrangshouzhongdemaobiyoujiezoudiyundongerchanshengbutongxiantiao。hanzide“liushu”zaozifagengshishuxiedeqingqusuozai,butongpianpangdexingshengzihuanyigebujian,youshilingyigeyiyidexinzi,ru(qing――qing);yigezhishizi、huiyizihuanleyigepianpangyoushiyigeyisi。yuwendexuexishirenwendexuexi,errenwendexuexiyingshouxuanshufayishu。

浙江体彩    yuyinlewudaoxuekejiehe。womenkeyibacudayinfukanchengzhongpai,ruoxiaoyinfudekanchengruopai,yiciguanchameizidetingdunhebianhua。youqixingshushiyiduanluoweizhongxin,yourushuohuazhongdeduanju,bulingwutingdunjiuwufalingwuzhangfadeyaodi。yaozhidaorenhetianduibidoushiyizhongjiezoubiaoxian,xingshuzhongdedaxiaoziyaoqianghua,shulangbufenyaoyoujiezoumei,wuzhedelvdongjiezoukeyifanyingdaoyunbizhong,jiehelianxikeyidedaoganwu,moupianbujuyekeyijiejian。

浙江体彩    yumeishuxuekejiehe。keyiyongmeishudeshouduandingzhengbiwu,ruyouxueshengjingchangbakouxiechengdaotixing,keyitongguojianbihuabijiao,shengdongdexingxiangrangrenyimuleran,neime“xiaobiku”dexingxiangtuhuahuishitamenlaojixinzhong。shuhuatongyuan,hekuangshufayejiangjiujieti,yeshizaoxingyishu。guohuazhonglinmoxieshengdengfangfazaishufajiaoxuezhongzhaoyangkeyong,shufayeyaolinmo,yeyaojiangjiubuju,tongyixiediaodeng。jiaoxuezhongyingrangxueshengduozuoduibi,bijiaobutong,congzhongfaxianxiangsidian。yuqitaxuekejiaoxuefangfaxiangjiehe,cainenggenghaodiwanchengjiaoxueyaoqiu。

 

    二、进行审美教育教学,提高学生学习书法的能力

    zaixuexiaoshufajiaoxuezhong,qianghuashenmeijiaoyu,youliyuduiyishujianshangnenglidepeiyangheyishusuzhidetigao,youliyufengfuxiangxiangli,tigaobiaoxianlihechuangzaoli。nongcunzhongxiaoxueshufakejiaoxue,bushipeiyangxueshengdangshufajia,ershizheliyuxueshengshenmeisuzhidepeiyangyutigao。yinci,womenyingdangjiaqiangxinshangkejiaoxue,yituokuanxueshengdeyishushiye,peiyangtamendeshufajianshangnengli。

    shufayishushibansuihanzidechanshengergongtongchengzhangde,shihanzidegongshengwu。hanzidedansheng,weihanzishufayishudemengyadiandinglejichu。hanziqiyuancongbanpoyangshaowenhuachutudekehuafuhaosuanqi,jiangjinliuqiannianlishi。hanzidezitikefenweijiaguwen、zhongdingjinwen、dazhuan、xiaozhuan、li、kai、xing、cao,wenzicongyiwujuxingdexiangxingzitifazhandaojintianshiyongdeziti,youfanhuajian,youbuguizedaoguize,zuizhongchengweizhongguowenzifuhaohuadebiaozhi。lejieletamenqiyuanbianhua,youliyushufashenmeidepeiyang。

浙江体彩    1.peiyangshenmeichuangzaoli

    tongguojiaoshideshufalilunjiaoxueyushijianjiaoxue,xueshengyouguoqudebeidongxuexibianweijijizhudongdichayueziliao,soujisucai,wuxingzhongkuodalexueshengzhishideguangduheshendu,congerjifatamenchuangzuoreqing。jiaoshibixubashufakelianxi,congchuantongguanshuxiangchuangxinyishifangxiangzhuanhua,shixueshengxuexixiaoguomingxiangaishan。shufajiaoshizaijiaoyujiaoxuezhong,yinggaiyishidaoxueshengyaoxiangshixianzijishuxiefenggebingtupoziji,shihennandeshiqing。weiyoujiaqiangzishendeshenmeiyishi,zengqiangchuangzaolideyishi,jiangshufalilunyushijianxiangjiehe,shufashenmeichuangzaolicaihuideyitigao。

    2.peiyangshenmeixingqu

浙江体彩    xueshengchengweishenmeidezhuti。zhongguoshufayishuzaibiaoxianxingshishangjuyouteshuxing,zaiziwochuangzuodeneihanshanghejiaoxueshijiandeguochengzhong,shixueshengxingchengleyizhongteshudesiweixingshi。zhongguoshufayishudeshenmeiguochengshiyigebuduanshenrutantao、buduanchuangzao、buduanfansideguocheng。yifuyouxiushufazuopinbujinshizhijieshuxieneirong,tongshihaishishuxieganshou。zheijiuyaoqiujiaoshizaitigaozishenshufayishuxiuyangdetongshi,jiaqiangjiaoxuenenglidepeiyang,zheixiedouhuichengweipeiyangxueshengdezhongyaoshouduanheyouxiaotujing。tongshishufajiaoshideketangyuyan、jiaoxueshoushiyeshipeiyangxueshengshenmeixingqudezhongyaoyinsu。

    3.shufaxinshangnengtigaoshufashenmeinengli

    shouxianmingbaishufaneizaimeibiaoxianzaixiantiao,gudairentongchangyongmaobixiezi,duizijixiezihebierenxiezidexiantiaoganjuebutong。zaijiaoxuezhongwojingchangyongyouxiuzuopinduibi,youdezuopinbiaoxianchenxiong,youdezuopinbiaoxianhuoyue,geyouqianqiu,zheiyangnengshixueshengxuexigengrenzhen。qicibiaoxianzaijieti。rutang《duobaotabei》zhengpianjiegouyanmi,zixingjianyouwusilanjiege,dianhuayuanzheng,duanzhuangxiuli,yipieyinaxiandejingzhongyoudong,piaoranyuxian。cibeishiyanzhenqingzuiyunwenshuzuo,yijinxiumeiduozi。shufazhimei,bujinmeizaixingti,gengmeizaifenggu,meizaijingsui,yizhiqirenheyibiyihua,renheyibizoushi,douruqiaoduotiangongyiban,zengzhizezhang,jianzhizeduan。woguoshufazuopinfengfu,jingchangxinshangmingtie,keyitigaoxueshengxuexinengli。

 

    三、快乐学习、体验成功

    shufakeshibijiaokuzaode,shufajiaoshiyaoxuehuigaibianfangfa,shizhishengdong。yinciyaocongxingqurushou。shouxianjijiyingzaolianghaodexiaoyuanshuxiehuanjing,qicizaishufakeduoguli。zaipigaixueshengzuoyeshi,wozonghuizaiguifan、duanzheng、zhengjiedezixiamianhuayigegulifuhao,huoshidangchangyongyuyanguli,zheiyangxueshenghuigengzixin,duishangshufakegengyouxingqu。

浙江体彩    1.jiaoshishixueshengdebiaolv

浙江体彩    shouxian,wojingchangyongwodeshufazuopinrangxueshengxinshang,budingqibabenxiaojiaoshishufazuopinzhangtieyuxuanchuanlan,rangdajiaxinshang、xuexi。zhengque、guifan、dafangdezinengshixueshengduilaoshideqingmuzhiqing,congerjifaxiehaozidenonghouxingqu。suoyishufajiaoshijiubixuxuanhaomingjiazitie,qinxuekulian,congertishengzijideshuxieshuiping。qicishizhuyizijishuxie,rupingshiketangshangbanshu,gengzhengxueshengzuoyebenshangdelizi,wodouduanduanzhengzhengshuxie,pingshishuxiezishi,wobizishidengdengdouzaiqianyimohuazhexuesheng,xueshengnengzaixuexizhongdedaokuaile。

    2.xueshengtongguojiaoliu、bisai、zhanshitamendezuopin,shitamentiyandaochenggong

    xueshengtiyandaochenggong,cainenggenghaodixuexi。yinci,wohuigulixueshengjijicanyuxiaoneiwaidegezhongbisai。zaixuexiao,meigeyuejuxingyiciyouxiuzuoyezhanshi,meixueqijuxingyicibisai,meixuenianzaixiaojuxingyigejiaodaguimoxianchangshuxiehuodong,haozuopinzaixiaoneixuanchuanlanzhanshi,gongbuhuodemingdan,xuanpaiyouxiuxueshengcanjiaxianjinaizhiquanguobisai。rujinnian4yuezai“suzhixingjiang”dierjiequanguobisaizhonggong4mingxueshengfenbiehuodeer、sandengjiang,haijiangyouxiuzuopintiedaoxuexiaowangzhan,shixuesheng、jiazhangyouchengjiugan。tongguobisaizengzhangjianshi、quzhangbuduan、tiyanshouhuo。

    3.suzaobangyang

    zhaojianzi,libiaobing,wulunnageban,douhuiyoujigexuedehaodexuesheng,genjushaoershanyufangxiaodetedian,jiaoshidalifaxian、fuzhishuxiehaomiaozi,shitamenchengweiqitaxueshengxuexidebangyang。tamenzenmezuo,qitaxueshengyehuigenzhexue,zhidao“zhuadianxing,daiyipian”dexiaoguo,zaibanjitizhongxingchengnizhuiwogandejumian。

    4.rangjiatingshangshixuesheng,yingzaoxiaojiagongshang

浙江体彩    jiatingshihaizimeitiandaideshijianzuiduodedifang,jiazhangyaozhuyiduihaizidezhengqueyindao,weihaizichuangzaoyigehexierongqiadechengzhanghuanjing,nulibangzhuhaizishulixinxin。jiaoshiyaoqiuxueshengjiazhangyaotongguofengfujiatingshenghuodefangshi,chuangzaoduogeshangshiqingjing,bangzhuhaizizaishangshizhongjinbu。kewangchenggongshimeigerendexinlixuyao,shaoerzheizhongxinlixuyaogengweiqianglie,erchenggongyuwangqiangliechengdu,qujueyumeigerenduixuexidexingquheguli。zaixuexizhongchenggongdeyuwangyueqiang,chenggongdejihuiyueda。bushaofumuduihaiziyaoqiujiaogao,linseyuzanmeihaizi,zongbanzheyifuyansudemiankonglaijiaoyuhaizi,hushilezanmeidejiaoyufangshidailaidexiaoguo。qishi,haizixuyaolaizifumudeshangshi,fumushiyidezanmeihuishihaizishouyixiushen。

    womenjinliangyuxueshengdefumugoutong,yaofumujinlianghehaizishuohua,haizihuizaifumudeyijuhua,yigeyanshen,yigeweixiaozhongpinchangdaochenggongdeyuyue。fumuyijujiandandechengzanhegulidehua,huiranghaizichanshengwuqiongdexinxinheyongqi,huiguwuzhehaiziquzhuiqiugengdadejinbu。

 

    总之,要实施书法教育教学,是要靠全体教育工作者支持,做到各学科科学安排授课时间。书法教育关键看书法教学课堂,所以更应该对书法教学的原本问题进行有益反思,找准弱点,让当前书法教育真正体现出好的功能和社会价值。(漳州林继枞/文)

 

    原文地址:http://www.xzbu.com/9/view-4436625.htm、原载《福建基础教育研究》2013年第3期

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